SEMIOTIC ANALYSIS ON GANDRUNG DANCER COSTUME
NITA ULFIZ ARRUM
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Gandrung is the most popular traditional dance in Banyuwangi. In the past, the gandrung dancer dances by a boy. It purposes to spy the colonizer. In its development, gandrung dancer dances by a girl/woman. Nowadays, gandrung dance becomes a mascot of tourism in Banyuwangi, besides it purposes to honor the guests or to be an entertainment in some events, such as wedding ceremony, circumcisions, and some official events. This thesis analyzes gandrung, especially the gandrung dancer costume. The gandrung dancer costume consists of three major parts costume and some additional costume, such as omprog, basahan, and long cloth or jarik. Basahan consists of utuk/kemben, kelat bahu, ilat-ilat, pending, sembong and oncer. The additional costumes are sampur (sash), fan, and white socks. The gandrung dancer costume as text is analyzed trough the semiotic theory. The analyses describe how the semiotics theory signifies the meaning of gandrung dancer costume. It investigates the types of sign such as an icon (iconical sign), an index (indexical sign), a symbol (symbolical sign) and the levels of meaning such as denotation (denotative meaning), connotation (connotative meaning) and myth because semiotics is a systematic study of sign, sign systems of signs, sign systems or structure, sign processes and sign functions. This thesis also applies library research and field research in order to get the data and information about matter of discussion. It takes from some interviews, several books, dictionary, cultural magazines, and internet. The data are in the form of qualitative data that have been gathered by conducting observation and the writer uses the technique of interview and documentary study. i The result of this thesis shows that the gandrung dancer costume can be analyzed by the semiotics theory in order to know the intended meaning and the secret code. The gandrung dancer costume as the data represents the ideas and they are colorful, unique, and interesting.