KAJIAN EKONOMI INFRASTRUKTUR PELABUHAN PANARUKAN KABUPATEN SITUBONDO SEBAGAI REALISASI OTONOMI DAERAH
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The development of Infrastructure which is done by local government as a process where local government have authority in planning regional development by optimizing it’s human resources. It is important to do because economy in region concept can be growing fast if it’s supported by good infrastructure. Indonesia is the biggest archypelago country in the world. It consist of 17.504 islands, and now remainded 17.480 islands after Ligitan and Sipadan are not being the island of Indonesia. Situbondo, which is located in East Java has good potential sector to developed sea area especially is sea transportation sector such as ship and operational system inside port. One of several the port located in Situbondo is Panarukan Port. And it is also Panarukan Port is one of seven regional port in East Java which is done recovery also improving the operational of port with to develop infrastructure port. The type of this research is descriptive. To know the effectiveness of infrastructure development in Panarukan Port needs to study deeper and it can be seen from the growth rate, trend analisys, and SWOT analisys. The growth rate of Panarukan Port income since 2001 until 2010 experiencing go up and down percentage. The growth rate of income experienced highest value in 2006 up to 27%. It is contrast with percentage of growth rate income at 2007 wich is down to -38%. The percentage of income growth rate in 2007 viii is the most lowest for over ten years ago. At last, port income growth rate percentage have experience appresiation in this 2 years after down, at year 2009 and 2010 the value of growth rate is 14% and 7%. The value of Panarukan Port income trend have been descended since year 2001 until 2010. The equality trend is y = 2.996.508,33 - 1.422.608,233 X. Line of trend have definition of value a = 2.996.508,33 is constanta or trend value of elementary period. The value b = -1,422.608.233 is slope there is additional trend on annual and X is period time and year wich is stated in code. So, the direction to expanded of Panarukan Port income can be seen with the value of b or slope have negative value wich mean port income have been decreasing from year to year but do not have significant of trend line. Panarukan Port on SWOT analisys is on position of growth concentration horizontal. Be based on IFAS matrix with score 2,43 and EFAS matrix with score 2,83. If it is drawn on general electric matrix it is found that position cell V top right. The position is refers to Panarukan Port stay on growth strategy. By seeing the 3 analisys above, there is dislocation assumption developing of infrastructure is right, but because Panarukan Port was doing process of recovery, this being the important consideration which have to be done by local government and company to planning in the future.