PENGARUH METODE ABA (APPLIED BEHAVIOUR ANALYSIS): KEMAMPUAN BERSOSIALISASI TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN INTERAKSI SOSIAL ANAK AUTIS DI SLB TPA (TAMAN PENDIDIKAN DAN ASUHAN) KABUPATEN JEMBER
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Autism is a complex development disorder attributed with communication, social interaction, and imagination activity. A problem on growth and development process would obstacles on the next growth and development process. One of the obstacles was social interaction disorder. Disturbance of social interaction on autism could affect learning and behaviour aspects. Applied behaviour analysis methods, particularly social ability could help them learning basic social ability such as attention, maintaining eye contact, and control behaviour problems. The basic of this method was to use behavioral theory approach, in the early stages emphasis on compliance, skill in imitating the child, and establish eye contact. Children with autism practiced communication, speech, language, and social interaction. The study aims to analyze the influence of applied behaviour analysis method: social ability on autism children’s social interaction ability. The study used pre experimental design with one group pretest posttest approach. The sample was 15 children, with using total sampling. Data was analyzed with Wilcoxon Match Pair Test. The result showed that P value was 0,008 (0,008 < α=0,05), so it is concluded that there was an influence of applied behaviour analysis method: social ability on autism children’s social interaction ability in SLB TPA, Jember Regency. Based on the result, it is suggested for the family with an autism child to give applied behaviour analysis method: social ability to exercise the autism children’s social interaction ability.