KUALITAS HIDUP PETANI TEMBAKAU DI KECAMATAN WULUHAN KABUPATEN JEMBER
Nino Adib Chifdhillah
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Quality of life towards tobacco farmer is constructed by four domains. They are physical health, psychological well-being, social relationship and condition of environtment. These domains are always interacted and effected on tobacco farmer’s life. Jember regency is one of the highest producer area of tobacco in Indonesia. Most of the people have worked as tobacco farmer for long time ago. This research aims to describe quality of life of tobacco farmers in Wuluhan Sub District, Jember Regency. This research was applied by quantitative research methods, descriptive-designed and cross sectional-approached. The population of this research was all of tobacco farmers in Wuluhan Sub District. The numbers of samples of this research were 97 farmers. The data were collected by using questionairre then described verbally, mathematically and graphically. The results showed that most of tobacco farmers were in productive-aged, low educated, high-income and married. They became tobacco farmers because assumed that tobacco would give high income. had tobacco land in their own, planted tobacco in nselainarrow land and made cooperation with cigarette industry. Besuki Na-Oogst was kind of tobacco that they planted widely. Beside that, they had a worse quality of life (56,7%). There were three domains that belonged to worse category. They were physical health (50,0%), psychological well-being (61,05%) and condition of environtment (53,6%). Whereas, social relationship was an only great domain. Based on the results, it is expected to socialize all about Green Tobacco Sickness to tobacco farmers by Department of Forestry and Estate Crops and Department of Health in Jember Regency. Farmer groups need to make partnership with another industries besides cigarette factories. It is also needed promotion about another seasonally alternative crops that they are in the same cultivation periode with tobacco, like chili and melon.
- UT-Faculty of Public Health