AN ANALYSIS ON OLGA’S NEED OF LOVE IN ANTON CHEKHOV’S THE DARLING
Elby Listyo Cahyono
MetadataShow full item record
Love is one of human’s needs which has to be satisfied. According to Maslow’s Theory of Hierarchy of Needs, it is on the third level. Olga in The Darling is a young woman who needs love. She needs some short of male attachment. She always loves someone and needs someone’s love. Unfortunately, her need of love does not make her happy but lives in sorrow because she only depends her life on it. It is very interesting to analyze this topic. It is interesting to find out how she gets her love. For her, love is everything that must be fulfilled no matter what she has to do. Therefore, this thesis applies the psychological approach to analyze Olga’s motivation. Since, psychological approach is used to explore the motivations of character so the writer uses it to know the motivation of Olga, why Olga needs to love and be loved by someone and how Olga fulfills her need and what the effects of Olga’s need of love to her are. The method of analysis used in this thesis is inductive method. It analyzes the data from the specific cases to the general conclusion. Meanwhile, the data are collected through library and cybernetic research and dictionaries. This thesis also applies Maslow’s hierarchy of human needs theory to analyze Olga’s needs; they are physiological needs, safety needs, and belongingness and love needs. According to the explanation above, this thesis only focuses on the third level of Maslow’s hierarchy of human needs theory, belongingness and love needs. Before going to focus on the third level of Maslow’s hierarchy of human needs theory, it is necessary to analyze the two levels before first, physiological needs and safety needs, to know why she only focuses on her need of love. The analysis of this thesis proves that Olga has some motives to get love and this gives bad effects to her. So, someone should not only focus on the aim to get she or he wants but also should consider the effects that will emerge.