|This paper aims to explain the dynamics of cultural policy in Banyuwangi for almost
twenty years. This was related to the policies of the Banyuwangi regents who, since T.
Purnomo Sidik (1991-2000), had paid great attention to the development of Using culture.
Through Decree Number 401 of 1996, he established Kemiren as the location of Using
Tourism Village. Furthermore, Regent Samsul Hadi (2000-2005) promoted the development
of Using culture through political project Jenggirat Tangi, a series of government programs
aimed at converting Using culture in Banyuwangi, starting from Using language that must
be used on anniversaries, revitalizing traditional arts, rituals, and Using batik as
Banyuwangi's local identity. Regent Ratna Ani Lestari (2005-2010) focused on developing
welfare, especially free education for students, and Regent Abdullah Azwar Anas (20102020)
globalized Banyuwangi's local culture and traditional arts through fashion.
Banyuwangi Ethno Carnival (BEC) as a world-level fashion that seeks to highlight the
aspects of local culture, namely traditional arts and rituals, while in 2017, it took the natural
beauty of Mount Ijen which emits blue flames as its main theme. This also can be seen in the
examples of determination of the theme, namely Gandrung, Kundaran, and Janger (2011),
Barong Using (2012), Kebo-keboan (2013), Ritual Seblang (2014), Pengantin Using (Using
Bride) (2015), The Legend of Sri Tanjung Sidopekso (2016), Pesona Ijen (2017), and Putar
Kayun (2018). There are discourses that develop from cultural control and identity formation
to global-local cultural strategies for increasing productivity and prosperity. This cultural
wealth is the potential of social capital for the progress of the region to empower economic
development. This is of course synergistic with the joint regulation of the Minister of Home
Affairs and Minister of Culture and Tourism No.42 of 2009 / No.40 of 2009 concerning
Cultural Conservation Guidelines stating that government policies in preserving national
culture are aimed at fulfilling human rights, promoting civilization, harmony and unity, and
the welfare of the Indonesian people, so that cultural preservation needs to be done. With
ethnographic methods, socio-cultural struggles can provide encouragement for the
development and ability of negotiations on cultural politics in the future. Therefore, recording
and giving meaning to every historical cultural policy needs to continue to be carried out as
a step of understanding and determining further policies that are increasingly functional,
involving, prospering, and empowering the supporting community.