Proactive Public Health Approach to Prevention of Occupational Disease on Farmers in Lumajang
Widianto, Eko Prasetya
Fibriansari, Rizeki Dwi
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Background: Occupational Disease is a disease caused by work, work tools, materials, processes, and work environment. Safe work behavior is a systematic application of someone to work on safety issues in the workplace to avoid work-related illnesses. Through the Proactive Public Health Approach, it is expected to be able to prevent Occupational Diseases. Objective: This study aimed at analyzing the relationship between occupational disease and proactive public health approaches in Lumajang District. Methods: This research is quantitative research, which used a descriptive-analytic study with cross-sectional. The sample in this study was 164 respondents from February until May 2019, with the sampling method using purposive sampling. Data presented in the form of Spearman's Rho Correlation test 0.05 statistical test with a value of α. Results: Based on the results of data analysis by most respondents (50.6%), the proactive public health approach is a category, and having an occupational disease is often a category (54.3%). The results of data analysis used Spearman's Rho showed that p-value = 0.001 with correlation coefficient r = 0.674 means the level of relationship is a strong category. Conclusion: Trauma and pesticides cause problems of occupational diseases that arise often. Farmers are expected to pay more attention to the method or method of using and preventing occupational diseases. So, the role of nurses or Occupational Health Nursing (OHN) in agriculture must be increased.
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