The Analysis Of Text Organization Of Descriptive Texts In The Textbook Entitled “Bahasa Inggris” For The Tenth Grade Students
ALIFAH, Riddah Dyna
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This research discussed about the analysis of text organization of descriptive texts in the Bahasa Inggris textbook for the tenth grade students which was published by Ministry of Education and Culture, and aimed to find out the structure of descriptive texts and the effectiveness of the use of transitional markers in the texts. The design of this research was document analysis. The data was obtained from descriptive texts in the Bahasa Inggris textbook using documentation method. This method was done by using two instruments; one was schematic structure, and another tool was a list of transitional markers. The discussion showed two results. First, all three texts had identification and description. However, there were found some shortcomings found in text one and two. The shortcomings were the lacks of suitable and related information which fitted with the content of each element. Though, it was different with text three which all the information given in the text were suit to the two elements and related to the object being described. Second, all three texts had transitional markers which some were found within a sentence, between sentences, or even between paragraphs. Those transitional markers were location, time, addition, comparison, contrast, exemplification, and result/consequences. Each category of these transitional markers helped to connect the details or information within a text and made a sense of flow without any shifts or jumping ideas. However, not all transition words were effective. Some could connect the information within a sentence or between sentences well, some could not. Moreover, if the ineffective transition word was used, it could affect the context of the sentence. There were some ways to resolve that matter. One was to change into another transition, the other could be by simply adding some punctuations In conclusion, all descriptive texts in Bahasa Inggris textbook meet the criteria of the schematic structure and most of the transitional markers found are effectively used in the texts. Although there are some shortcomings dealing with the element’s contents and the suitability of the use of some transitional words, the descriptive texts in Bahasa Inggris textbook can still be used as examples by the teacher in teaching-learning process with some adjustment from the teacher. So, it can become proper texts for teaching.