The Use Of Video To Improve The Eleventh-Grade Students’ Achievement In Writing A Procedure Text At Senior High School In Jember
ARDIYANSYAH, Jefri Nur
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This research was conducted in SMA Negeri Mumbulsari. The participants were chosen purposively based on the problem in writing. That was class XI-IPA 1 that had 37 students. This class had the lowest mean score among the 3 science classes. The score was collected from the English teacher in the preliminary study before the implementation of this research. This research proposed two research questions: 1). How can the video of procedure text help students find ideas, write an outline, and rewrite the procedure text in the video using their own words? 2). Is there any improvement on the score of procedure text rewritten by the XI-IPA 1 students of SMA Negeri Mumbulsari after receiving action on the use of video on procedure text? The first question was to describe the contribution of video in assisting students in find ideas, write an outline, and rewrite the procedure text using their own word. The second question was to describe a quantitative result of students’ progress of students ’ achievement in writing a procedure text. Writing test and observation were used to collect the data. The data were obtained from writing test that were analysed by using a formula to find a percentage of the students who achieve the criteria of the success. This research is categorized successful if at least 70% of the total number of students get score of the passing grade that was 70 in writing test. The data of observation were obtained from fieldnote during teaching and learning process to collect the contribution of video in assisting students in finding ideas, write an outline and rewrite a procedure text by using their own word based on the video. The result of this research showed that there was improvement of the students writing achievement. In Cycle 1, the percentages result of students who got score ≥70 in the writing test was 72.9 % or only 27 students of 37 students. Moreover, in cycle 2, the percentages result of students’ writing achievement test was 86.4% or 32 students of 37 students. It means that the percentages result of the students’ writing achievement test improved from 72.9 % in cycle 1 to 86.4 % in cycle 2. Therefore, the criteria of the success of this research, that was ≥70% had been achieved and it proved that the use of video in teaching writing helpful to improve the students’ writing achievement of procedure text. The result of observation showed that video helped students find ideas, the video that they watched could helped the students find and list the important vocabularies related to material and the imperative word. Video helped students write an outline of procedure text, by using the video students were able to write an outline of procedure text which were: goal, material and step. The students could write the ingredient and equipment in material part as well as the step. Video helped the students rewrite a procedure text by using their own word based on the video viewed, students could rewrite a procedure text with the correct orders (i.e., goal, material, and steps). Concerning the language, the students were able to rewrite a procedure text using their own words. For example, they could order the steps in the procedure text by placing temporal conjunctions, such as first, second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, then, next, after that, finally in the beginning of sentence of a procedure text. In addition, an outline prepared by the students also helped them to group words related to ingredients, equipment and steps. Based on the mentioned result, it can be concluded that video improved the eleventh-grade students’ achievement in writing a procedure text.