First Aid Guideline (FAG): A ﬁrst aid education application for children aged 11-14 years in Indonesia
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Objectives: In Indonesia, the prevalence of injuries among children aged 5e 14 years is high. Such injuries are generally caused by unsafe school-related factors and a lack of education about ﬁrst aid. Thus, it is necessary to optimize the role of children by introducing ﬁrst aid education using the First Aid Guideline (FAG) application. The purpose of this study was to develop a ﬁrst aid ed- ucation application for Indonesian children based on the Android operating system. Methods: The application was developed in several stages. The initial stage was the selection of the content that would be included in the application. The second and third stages were the making and testing of the application, respectively. The researchers worked with information technology experts during the development of this application. The application feasibility test included experts in the ﬁelds of emergency and medicalsurgical medicine as well as information technology. The experts assessed the application by completing a questionnaire on learning media. The results were then analysed by kappa tests to assess the experts’ perceptions. Results: The application contains emergency call menus, and information on the treatment of choking, burns, wounds, and bleeding. The application provides pictures and video tutorials, making it easier for users to learn about ﬁrst aid. Statistical analysis showed a sufﬁcient match between Experts 1 and 3 (mean 3.85 " SD 0.369; kappa ¼ 0.615; p ¼ 0.035) and Experts 1 and 2 (mean 3.85 " SD 0.369; kappa ¼ 0.615; p ¼ 0.035). Experts 2 and 3 showed good suitability (mean 3.80 " SD 0.422; kappa ¼ 0.615; p ¼ 0.035). Conclusions: FAG is a breakthrough application for ﬁrst aid education for children aged 11e14 years. This application can be used as a medium for learning about ﬁrst aid. However, further research in larger populations is required.