Helping the Eighth Grade Students Write Recount Text Via Photograph at SMPN 1 Jenggawah
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This research was aimed to describe how photograph can help students find ideas, select vocabulary, and organize recount text writing. Curriculum in Indonesia provided English as compulsory subject which was taught in junior high school level. The ministry of education and Culture considered that the student should develop the use of language to achieve the communication purpose as well as in written and spoken. Writing is also considered to have many obstacles to learn for the students. One of the appropriate media which can improve students’ quality of writing is photograph Based on the preliminary study by interviewing the English teacher and the document, it had been known that the eighth grade students of SMPN 1 Jenggawah especially in VIII-H class had some problem in writing and it made their writing achievement low. Therefore, the objective of the research was to know how photograph can help students to find ideas, select vocabulary, and organize recount text writing. Photograph was selected as media because the students were going to be stimulated to create the sentences after they analyzed the photo. The research result was expected to be useful for the English teacher and future researcher. The research method used in this research was Classroom Action Research (CAR). The research consists of only one cycle which covered two meetings to implement the action. The research used two kinds of data collection methods: observation with field notes as a tool to collect the data by observing the implementation of the action and documentation by collecting the results of students’ works. The results of field notes and students’ worksheets analyses showed that photograph could help students find ideas. After the student received the photographs, they observed each picture on photograph then students guessed about what kind of ideas could have described picture. Photographs inspired the students to think about the events in the picture. Photographs also helped the students to select vocabulary. The reason was photographs provided some information to stimulate the students in mentioning the vocabularies such as noun, pronoun, adverb and verb on their sentences after observing the details of the picture. Moreover, photographs facilitated the students to organize recount text by the guides from the teacher. The result was the students wrote recount text in chronological order and followed the generic structure of the text. Thus, photographs can be useful to help the eighth grade students write recount text at SMPN 1 Jenggawah.