Role of Homeobox Genes in Developmental Anomalies of Teeth
Rahayu, Yani Corvianindya
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Development of teeth is under strict genetic control, which ensures the formation and renewal of a certain number of teeth with specific shapes and position. Gene mutations can disturb normal dental development and affect tooth number, shape, eruption or formation of dental hard tissues. The process of odontogenesis is under the control of homeobox (HOX) genes; a number of different mesenchymal regulatory molecules and their receptors. Objective: To review the role of homeobox genes in the developmental anomalies of teeth. Literature review : There are different molecular signalling that regulate tooth development and it is possible to observe that the molecular signals are expressed in different stages of odontogenesis. HOX genes are classified as muscle segment (MSX1 and MSX2), distal-less (Dlx), orthodontical, goosecoid, paired box gene 9 (Pax9) and sonic hedgehog (Shh). Msx1 and Msx2 genes are responsible for the developmental position and further development of tooth buds. Dlx-1, Dlx-2 and Barx-1 genes are involved in development of molar teeth. Pax9 is a transcription factor required for tooth morphogenesis. Dental anomalies are often observed as isolated, that is, only dentition is affected, and especially failure to develop all teeth. Conclusion : The genetic causes of dental pathologies are multiple causing phenotypic changes and the severity of which is dependant on the affected gene, the type and location of mutations.
- LSP-Conference Proceeding