|dc.description.abstract||Language is very important for human life in order to get information and
to communicate each other. As an international language that is used by people in
many countries in the world, English plays an important role and has been
universally spoken through out the world in various aspects of life, such as
economy, politic, technology, social life, and education. Since those aspects are
constantly developing from time to time, it is predicted that the number of English
speakers is going to be greater and greater in the coming years.
English has four language skills which must be learn and mastered by
learners. They are listening, reading, writing and speaking. Listening is the first
skill acquired by people before they can speak, read or write. By listening people
can hear the words and how to say the pronunciation of the words. In this case, the
condition where a kid starts to learn a mother tongue is just like the condition
where a students starts to learn a foreign language. However, some difficulties are
sometimes found in listening comprehension, especially in getting the information
spoken in English. The difficulties are understanding vocabulary, grammatical
structure, etc. in this research, video was chosen to help the students improve their
active participation and listening comprehension achievement because video
presents audio visual information to motivate learners and easily catch the
information by synchronizing what they listen and what they see. The kind of
video used in this research was cartoon video.
This classroom action research was intended to improve class VIII C
students` active participation and listening comprehension achievement by using
cartoon video at SMPN 7 Jember in the 2015/2016 academic year. The research
subjects were the students of Class VIII C at SMPN 7 Jember in the 2015/2016
academic year. This class was chosen because based on preliminary study by
interviewing the English teacher, the class had problem in listening skill. This
classroom action research had been done in two cycles. Each cycles was
conducted in three meeting including two meetings for implementing the actions
and one meeting for administering a listening test. There were four stages of
activities in each cycle, namely planning the action; implementing the action;
observing and evaluating; and analyzing the data and doing reflection of the
action. The process evaluation was conducted by observation that was done in
each meeting to observe the students` participation during the teaching learning
process. The product evaluation was conducted at the end of each cycle by
administering listening comprehension test.
The result of observation in Cycle 1 and Cycle 2 showed that the
percentage of the students` participation improved in the teaching and learning
process of listening comprehension from 88.6% in Cycle 1 into 95.4% in Cycle 2.
Based on the improvement, it can be concluded that the use of cartoon video can
improve the students` active participation during the teaching learning process.
The result of listening test in Cycle 1 showed that the percentage of the
students who got scores at least 75 was 77.2% (34 out of 44 students). Then, the
result of listening test in Cycle 2 showed that the percentage of the students who
got scores at least 75 was 79.5% (35 out of 44 students). It means that there was
improvement in the first cycle to the second cycle in the term the percentage of
the students who got scores ≥ 75.
Based on the results of this research, the use of cartoon video in teaching
learning process especially listening comprehension can improve the students`
active participation and listening comprehension achievement.||en_US