THE EFFECT OF USING COMPOSITE PICTURES ON THE EIGHTH GRADE STUDENTS’ READING COMPREHENSION ACHIEVEMENT AT SMPN 11 JEMBER
RANI, YASITA DESTIKA
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Reading plays an essential role in English language learning that every learner needs to comprehend the English texts. Dealing with the students’ comprehension, it is important to use appropriate and interesting media to motivate the students in comprehending the text. Composite picture can be an alternative media in teaching reading as it. This research was a quasi-experimental research. The purpose of this research is to know whether or not there is a significant effect of using composite pictures on reading comprehension achievement of the eighth grade students at SMPN 11 Jember. The area of this research was SMPN 11 Jember. It was chosen purposively because the use of composite pictures as media of teaching English had never been applied in teaching learning process in the school. The respondents of this research were the eighth grade students of SMPN 11 Jember. In determining the respondents, homogeneity analysis by using ANOVA formula was applied to know the homogeneity of the population. Based on the calculation, the condition of the eighth grade of SMPN 11 Jember was homogenous. Thus, the researcher chose two classes randomly then doing lottery to decide the control group and the experimental group. Before giving a post-test, a try out test was conducted to know whether or not the test items were suitable for the eighth grade students’ level of comprehension. In addition, from the result of the try out, it can be seen whether or not the test needed to be revised and the time allocation was suffiecient. The posttest was given to both groups after each groups received treatment twice, that was teaching reading comprehension by using composite pictures to the experimental group and teaching reading comprehension without using any media for the conrol group. The result of independent sample t-test analysis shows the value of significance (2-tailed) was 0.00002 which was lower than 0.05. It means that there was a statistical difference between the mean score of the student in the experimental group and the mean score of the students in the control group. Based on the results, it could be concluded that there was a significant effect of using composite pictures on the eighth grade students’ reading comprehension achievement at SMPN 11 Jember. The research findings said that the students in the experimental group got better score than those who were in the control group. This can be seen in the result of the posttest scores. Thus, it is recommended for the English teacher to use composite pictures as the media of teaching English especially in teaching reading comprehension skill. It is suggested that the students of SMPN 11 Jember be actively involve themselves in the teaching and learning process by practicing their English by using composite pictures as their media to help them comprehend the text more easily. Moreover, it is hoped that the result of this research can be used as a reference and information for future researchers to conduct further research dealing with similar problem by using another research design.