IMPROVING THE VIII-A STUDENTS’ VOCABULARY ACHIEVEMENT BY USING THE CARTOON MOVIE MEDIA AT SMP NEGERI 14 JEMBER IN THE 2014/2015 ACADEMIC YEAR
WIRANATA, JOHARIAZ ISWARA
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This research was a classroom action research. The purpose of this research is to improve the grade VIII-A students’ vocabulary achievement by using cartoon movie media at SMP Negeri 14 Jember. The area of this research was SMP Negeri 14 Jember. It was chosen purposively because the use of cartoon movie media as media of teaching English had never been applied in teaching learning process in this school and there was a request from the English teacher of SMP Negeri 14 Jember to introduce the attractive media which can be applied in English teaching and learning to improve the students’ vocabulary achievement. This classroom action research was done in two cycles (Cycle 1 and Cycle 2) and consisted of four activities they are: planning of the action, the implementation of the action, classroom observation and evaluation, analyzing the data and reflection. The primary data of this research related to the students’ vocabulary achievement were collected by using vocabulary test and classroom observation. The analysis of vocabulary test must perform at least 75% of the students got > 70. Meanwhile, the supporting data were collected by using interview and documentation at SMP Negeri 14 Jember on 19th and 20th May 2014. The subject of this research was grade VIII-A students. The result of teaching vocabulary by using cartoon movie media in the teaching and learning process in Cycle 1 showed that the percentage of the students who achieved the standard score > 70 was 67.5% or 27 of 40 students. Based on the result of vocabulary test, cycle one was considered not successful because the percentage of the students who achieved > 70 was under 75%. The observation checklist was used to indicate that the grade VIII-A students were active during the vocabulary teaching and learning process. It consisted of six indicators, namely: 1) Paying attention to the teacher’s explanation, 2) Watching the cartoon movie, 3) Answering the teacher’s oral questions, 4) Asking questions orally to the teacher, 5) Using dictionary to look up the meaning of the words, 6) Doing the vocabulary exercises after watching the cartoon movie. In the first meeting of Cycle 1, the result of the students’ active participation during vocabulary teaching and learning process showed that there were 20 students of 40 students or 50% were active. In addition, in the second meeting of Cycle 1 showed that 27 of 40 students or 67.5% were actively participated. Based on the result of observation during teaching and learning process in Cycle 1 it could be concluded that the students’ active participation had not been achieved yet because the standard requirement was 75%. Therefore, the researcher conducted Cycle 2 by revising the teaching techniques applied in Cycle 1 they are: 1. The researcher prepared the atmosphere of the classroom by reducing the brightness of the light, the electricity, and the layer of viewer before teaching vocabulary by using cartoon movie media. 2. The researcher used Gom Player and TXT file as computer application to improve the gap (time) of subtitle and the sound of character in the cartoon movie media. 3. The researcher convert 3gp video format by using video converter tool to mp4 video to make the visualization of the cartoon movie video clearer and reduced the stretch of color of the cartoon movie media. 4. The researcher used English and Indonesian language in teaching and learning process. Based on the result of observation in Cycle 2 it was found that the result of vocabulary test showed that the students who got scores > 70 increased from 27 of 40 students or 67.5% in Cylce 1 to 75% or 30 of 40 students in Cycle 2. In Cycle 2 for the first meeting, there were 27 of 40 students or 67.5% were actively participated in the vocabualry teaching and learning process. In the second meeting, there were 30 of 40 students or 75% were actively participated in the teaching and learning process. It means that grade VIII-A students were more active in Cycle 2. Based on the result of the teaching and learning process by using cartoon movie media, it could be concluded that the use of cartoon movie media could improve grade VIII-A students’ vocabulary achievement and active participation in the teaching learning process.