AN ANALYSIS OF THE ELEVENTH GRADE STUDENTS’ MONITOR USE IN SPEAKING PERFORMANCE BASED ON KRASHEN’S (1982) MONITOR HYPOTHESIS AT SMAN 4 JEMBER
Fikroni, Moh. Rofid
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Speaking is one of the language skills in English which is mostly done in daily activities. Through speaking, people are able to express their ideas, opinions, as well as their views. Moreover, speaking is considered to be the main goal in learning English as a second or foreign language. The students‟ English development is measured on how effective they use the language or speak English in particular. Speaking is considered to be a productive skill which requires the students to produce the language. Krashen (1982), proposes a hypothesis in relation to the students‟ language production, both in written and oral forms, which is called monitor hypothesis. In this particular hypothesis, he suggests that there is a mental device inside human‟s mind which has function as an editor to what he/she says. This mental device is responsible for the students‟ language production in particular. The purpose of this research was to classify the eleventh grade students‟ monitor performance in their speaking at SMAN 4 Jember, in which it covered the students‟ monitor performance in the aspect of grammar-vocabulary, discourse management, pronunciation, and interactive communication. The design of this research was descriptive research. The research respondents were the students who were in the eleventh grade. In collecting the data, the researcher used interview, speaking test, and questionnaire. The interview method was used to collect the data in relation to the students‟ speaking performance in teaching and learning activities and to support the result of the questionnaire. The speaking test was used to measure the students‟ speaking performance in performing dialogs based on certain topics. Moreover, the questionnaire was used to collect the data in relation to the students‟ monitor xvi performance in their speaking. The gained data were in the form of qualitative and quantitative data. The qualitative data were analyzed by describing the real condition of the students and the quantitative data were analyzed by using percentage formula. The result of the speaking test was shown that more than half number of the students got score in the range of 1-1.9 and 2-2.9. Their percentage was 78.12%. Meanwhile, the percentage of the students who got score in the range of 3-3.9 and 4-5 was only 21.88%. So, based on this result, there is indication that most of the students were classified as monitor over-users and under-users. Meanwhile, the result of the questionnaire showed that most of the students were classified as monitor over users with the percentage of 71,88%. Meanwhile, there were 21,88% of them that were classified as monitor optimal-users, and there were only 6,25% of them that were classified as monitor under-users. Besides the result of the interview also showed that most of the students were classified as monitor over-users. They claimed that they found difficulties in saying something in English, they were not confident enough to express their ideas in English, and most of them were afraid of making mistakes so that they preferred to remain silence when having interaction with other people. Then, based on the data analysis, it can be concluded that there were 23 students (71,88%), who became research respondents, that were classified as monitor over-users, there were 7 students (21,88%) who were classified as monitor optimal-users, and there were only 2 students (6,25%) who were classified as monitor under-users. Thus, it can be said that most of the students in eleventh grade of SMAN 4 Jember over used their monitor in their speaking, or in other words they were classified as monitor over-users.