A STUDY OF THE TENTH GRADE STUDENTS’ NARRATIVE TEXT READING COMPREHENSION ACHIEVEMENT AT SMAN TAMANAN BONDOWOSO
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In English language teaching This research was intended to describe the tenth grade students’ reading comprehension achievement especially in reading narrative texts at SMAN Tamanan Bondowoso. There were four reading indicators in this research, namely word comprehension, sentence comprehension, paragraph comprehension, and text comprehension. The indicators were formulated from the purpose of teaching reading at the Senior High School taken from 2013 curriculum. The teaching purpose includes finding out the structure of the text, the main idea of the text, the general and specific information of the text, and the supporting details of the text. In this research, the number of respondents was 28 students who were determined by using cluster random sampling. The writer chose one among four classes randomly by using lottery since the mean scores of the four classes are xiv similar, X MIA 1 The reading test given was in the form of a multiple choice test with 5 options for each item. The total items of the reading test were 25 items. To get the students’ reading score, the results of the students’ reading comprehension test were calculated by multiplying the correct answer by 4 and the wrong answer by 0. Therefore the total point was 100. The result of the calculation showed that the mean score of the students’ reading comprehension test of narrative text was 64,28 and it was categorized as “fair”. It means that most of the students did not achieve the standard minimum score in reading comprehension achievement test. In details, there were only 8 students out of 28 students who achieved the standard minimum score Furthermore, to know the result of the students’ achievement based on research indicators covering word, sentence, paragraph, and text comprehension, the test results were calculated by using Healey’s formula then it was classified based on the category level proposed by Depdiknas. The result showed that the students only achieved the standard minimum score in comprehending word meaning. Meanwhile, they still had difficulties in comprehending the meaning of the other tree indicators. The highest score of the four indicators was word comprehension achievement with the mean score of 70,63 which belonged to “good” category. Then, it was followed by the result of the sentence comprehension achievement with the mean score 67,41 and it was classified as “fair”. The mean score of paragraph comprehension was 60,71 and it belonged to “fair” category. The lowest was the mean score of the text comprehension, 47,32 which was categorized as “poor”. xv In summary, it can be concluded that reading comprehension of narrative text was not easy for the students of the tenth grade of SMAN Tamanan. It was because the research result showed that only 8 students from the total 28 students who achieved the standard minimum score in reading narrative text. The 8 students were belonged to two categories, there were 3 students who were categorized as “excellent” and 5 students who were categorized as “good”. Meanwhile, most of the students still did not achieve good score or the standard minimum score in reading narrative text. It means that the tenth grade students at SMAN Tamanan Bondowoso in the 2014/2015 academic year had problems in reading. The problems covered comprehending sentences, paragraph and whole text meaning due to the students’ inability in comprehending word meaning based on the context of the text. Therefore, it was suggested for the English teacher to give more reading practices for her students. Moreover, she should not only explain the meaning of the word by word, but make the students also understand about the other meaning of the word explained in different context of the sentence. In addition, it was also suggested for the future researcher to conduct further research at SMAN Tamanan. It was better to conduct a research which was intended to improve the students’ reading comprehension achievement. The improvement could be done by solving the students’ reading comprehension problems especially in comprehending sentence, paragraph, and text meaning by using certain technique or approach.