IMPROVING THE TENTH GRADE STUDENTS’ ACTIVE PARTICIPATION AND THEIR STRUCTURE ACHIEVEMENT OF SIMPLE PAST TENSE BY USING NUMBERED HEAD TOGETHER TECHNIQUE AT SMAN YOSOWILANGUN LUMAJANG
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The result of the students‟ structure achievement test in cycle I showed that percentage of the students who got score ≥ 70 was 74.2% and there was 45.7% of the students who actively participated in the teaching learning process in meeting 1 and 60% in meeting 2. During the teaching learning process, the students were not active. When the teacher asked them to discuss the answers of the posed questions, most of them just kept silent and some of them were talking each other not about the lesson. Then, they just waited and followed their friends‟ answers without understanding the posed questions. It was because most of them did not really comprehend about the materials mainly in applying the Simple Past Tense to answer the posed questions. In conclusion, the actions in cycle I was not successful yet. Therefore, the actions were continued to cycle II by revising some necessary aspects related to the use of the technique in the teaching learning process of structure in cycle I. In cycle II, the revision was done in applying the Numbered Head Together technique. When the students were putting their head together, the teacher asked the high achiever students in each group to help their group members comprehending about the materials including the use of the main verb (V2) and the auxiliary be (was, were) in the sentences. After the students sharing their group‟s answers, the teacher also gave more explanations about the way how to construct the right Simple Past Tense sentences and the examples gotten from the narrative text. Thus, the result of the students‟ structure achievement test in cycle II showed that the percentage of the students who got ≥ 70 was 80%. It improved from the result of cycle I that the percentage of the students who got ≥ 70 was only 74.2%. Besides, there was also an improvement on the percentage of the students‟ active participation. It improved from 45.7% in meeting 1 and 60% in meeting 2 in cycle I to 77.1% in meeting 1 and 82.2% in meeting 2 in cycle II. It means that both the students‟ structure achievement test and their active participation in the teaching learning process improved in cycle II and achieved the criteria of success in this research. Therefore, the actions were stopped. Based on the results above, it showed that the use of Numbered Head Together technique could improve the students‟ active participation and their structure achievement of Simple Past Tense at SMAN Yosowilangun, Lumajang. Therefore, it is suggested to the English teacher to apply Numbered Head Together technique in teaching structure or in different teaching learning activities.