THE EFFECT OF BORKMAN’S FAULTS ON THE CHANGING OF THE THREE MAJOR CHARACTERS’ PERSONALITIES LEADING TO THEIR TRAGIC LIVES IN HENRIK IBSEN’S JOHN GABRIEL BORKMAN
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A work of literature deals with the experience of real life, whether it is the author’s own experience or the experiences of other people in the society. John Gabriel Borkman is one of Henrik Ibsen’s dramas that told about the life of John Gabriel Borkman. The problem to discuss in this thesis is about the changing of the three major character’s personalities leading to their tragic lives, including Borkman’s faults, that finally lead him to his tragic life. Psychological approach is appropriate to use in this thesis. It can be used as a means of analyzing the mental situation and the state of mind of the character that motives their action. Another approach used in his thesis is sociological approach. It is used to analyze the relationship between J.G. Borkman and his social life. This thesis is written by means of library research in which the materials, data, and information are collected from several books and dictionaries. Besides, inductive method is used to analyze the data. In applying the method, the author starts collecting data about specific problems in the drama itself, and drawing a conclusion to the general one. In conclusion, the tragic lives of the three major characters are actually caused by Borkman’s faults to take wrong step to achieve his ambition. It proves that there is a corelation between the change of an individual’s personality and their life continuation. John Gabriel Borkman gives a massage that everyone should do everything with deep thinking. Every individual has a problem but one should choose the best way to solve it.