Achieving Sustainable Agriculture Through Enhancing Agricultural Extension Institution
SUNARTOMO, Aryo Fajar
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Agricultural extension system is an establishment to improve farmers' access to various assets for enhancing their capability. This research aimed to explore the link between sustainable agriculture and agricultural extension based on the conditions of farmers’ livelihood strategies. The research was carried out in Jember Regency, East Java, Indonesia and designed with a qualitative approach. By using the Sustainable Livelihoods Framework, it will provide the real and complete picture of the reality of farmer daily life. Related to sustainable agriculture, the efforts that have been done by farmers are far from ideal. Farmers' capital assets that support their livelihoods are natural and physical resources. Agricultural extension system in the research location has overlooked by government extension with personal, group and mass approaches. Strengthening the agricultural extension system is to achieve sustainable agriculture. It is necessary to recognize the condition of mastering the five assets of farmers' capital. Improving the quality of life of farmers through livelihood strategies is also important, including integration of the concepts of resilience and persistence about farmer capacity. Synchronization of stakeholders from agricultural counselling and building strong institutions with information technology can spread knowledge and experience to farmers quickly, precisely, effectively and efficiently.
- LSP-Conference Proceeding