The Effect of Self Management Education and Support in Improving The Self-Efficacy of Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Rizqiyah, Nailul Aizza
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Diabetes mellitus type 2 is a chronic disease that requires self-management. Self-efficacy of patients with type 2 diabetes focuses on improving management education and support services. This study aimed to determine the effect of diabetes self-management education and support on self-efficacy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Dr. Soebandi hospital Jember. This type of research was a quasi-experiment using a two-group pre-post-test design. The research sample consisted of 30 respondents from 15 controls and 15 consecutive sampling groups. Technique sampling used. Inclusion criteria included 1) diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus; the level of consciousness is compos mentis; 2) aged 30–65 years. The statistical test used t-tests dependent and independent t-test. Stages there were 6 sessions. Implementation of 1-4 sessions in the hospital and at home 5–6 sessions patients. The results showed that a score of self-efficacy increased by 17:53 in the treatment group and 4.93 in the control group (p=0.001). The results showed that there was a significant difference between self-efficacy, the treatment group and the control group after administration amounted to 10.495 (p=0.001). The conclusion suggests that there is a significant influence on the self-efficacy of patients with type 2 diabetes in Dr. Soebandi hospital Jember. It is expected that this study found is a recommended intervention for health workers to improve the self-efficacy of patients with type 2 diabetes so as to improve healthy lifestyles, reduce complications, and improve quality of life.
- LSP-Jurnal Ilmiah Dosen