Traditional Art and Cultural Inheritance: The Dynamic Development of Performing Art
Saputra, Heru Setya Puji
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Traditional arts grow, develop, and sustained by community supporters. Inheritance tends to occur naturally from generation to generation. One of the traditional art that has undergone a long process of inheritance is Gandrung Banyuwangi. This paper aims to formulate a model of inheritance and development of Banyuwangi Indonesian traditional arts performances, particularly Gandrung. By using ethnographic methods, data from published sources include field data obtained through observation, participation and indepth interviews with selected respondents, namely artists, community leaders, and cultural Banywuangi. Semiotic interpretation of data by treating each symptom as a cultural phenomenon related to each other as a whole to get a comprehensive conclusion. The results showed that the inheritance and development takes place through regulation Gandrung by placing Gandrung as Banyuwangi tourism mascot. Gandrung undergo metamorphosis of art into art social struggle and eventually evolved into the art of entertainment. Metamorphosis begins with the turn of actors Gandrung male dancer becomes Gandrung female. These events left a pullback legend Gandrung Marsan and emergence as the first woman Gandrung. Figures in the cessation Marsan as a dancer “lanang” still leave tradition until 1956, with the presence of Hamlet Gumuk Gandrung infallible Lor, District Glossy, Banyuwangi. Marsan is active as a professional devoted for 1 (one) year as affected by the view that crazy art stigmatized as "immoral". The stigma occurs because of the strong teaching of religious belief is strong that lived in the neighbourhood, Hamlet Gumuk Lor. Inheritance and other development took place through training, collaborative performances, festivals, cultural ambassador, and diversification of performances and creative industry products.
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