Death and Cultural Discourse as Anti-Radical Movements in Three Pesantren Literary Works
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This article is a part of our research dealing with the power of discourse in constructing ideological subjects in Pesantren to counter Radicalism. In this part we analyze the role of religious discourse and Pesantren as a discursive formation in countering radicalism in three literary works; 1) a poetry entitled Kekuatan Hati by Nailatus Asmahani, 2) a text drama entitled Senandung Ratapan Hati by Kusnadi and Saidatul Hasanah, and 3) A Little Fairy (a short story) by Ifa. We use Foucauldian perspective that takes language as a power instrument; it means that it has a function to spread certain discourses. Simply, Foucaudian discourse is various statements about particular topics which relate to other topics and construct a formation in particular periods that create discursive practices which produce knowledge. Finally, we have found that love as imagination of religion of ideal life is also potential to spread violence and Pesantren as a religious institution has a role to lead subjects to be radical or else. The result of this analysis is that Al-Falah as a Traditional-Modern Pesantren is potential to spread counter acts on radicalism through literary works.