WASPADALAH WANITA / IBU BEKERJA TERHADAP KUALITAS KESEHATAN ANAK DALAM KELUARGA
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Health is one of the basic needs in the life of a family, in which a mother plays primary role in child’s development and care. This indicates that health care for children is the responsibility of the family. Recently, many women are working outside the house, leaving their primary domestic duties to care, develop, and guide children. This presumably influences health quality of the family. This study was aimed to identify nutritional status of children under five years old and intelligence of school-aged children of working and non-working women, and factors that influence both variables. This study was done in Jember City. Samples 558 womens whose children under five years old consisted of 279 working women and 279 non-working women, but working-husbands as government employee, in state or regional-owned and in private companies.and 558 womens whose school-aged children, consisted of 279 working women and 279 non-working women, but working husbands as government employee, in state or regionalowned companies, and in private companies The samples were taken randomly and socialeconomic status of these women was also considered. Data was collected using questionnaire for identify respondens and instruments used were scale for measuring body weight of children under five years old adjusted to their age to determine nutritional status according to WHONCHS. To determine the children’s level of intelligence, general intelligence test using BinetSimon scale. Result showed that nutritional status among children under five years old of working and nonworking women were not sicnificantly different. Nutritional status among children under five years old working women were as follows: good (73,48%), moderate (17,92%), and poor (8,60%), while nutritional status among children under five years old of non-working women were: good (79,93%), moderate (12,54%), and poor (7,53%). Intelligence of school-age children of working-women showed significant different from that of non-working women. Intelligence of school-aged children of working women were as follows: above average (8,96%), normal (86,02%), and under average (5,02%), while intelligence of school-ages chidren of non-working women were: above average (11,11%), normal (77,42%), and under average (11,47%). Result of regression analysis showed that nutritional status of children under five years old was influenced by aged of respondents, qualntity and quality of diet, while intelligence of school-aged children was influenced by: type of work and husbands’ length of work, breast feeding, length of contact between mother and children, and number of respondents’ children.
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