A DESCRIPTIVE STUDY ON JAVANESE SPEECH LEVELS IN FIVE SELECTED SHORT STORIES
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This thesis uses Javanese speech levels to analyze five selected short stories. The selection of five titles of the short stories is based on the different settings. The setting, participants, topic, and function are social factors which determine the speech levels used. Besides, social dimensions covering social distance, status scale, formality scale, and functional scale also influence the use of different speech levels. Therefore the choice of five selected short stories is based on one of them with the assumption that there will be various speech levels used. This thesis uses Javanese speech levels summarized by Poedjasoedarma and Holmes’ theory of social factors and social dimensions as the theoretical framework. The type of data in this thesis is qualitative because the data of this thesis are the utterances from the characters. The discussion of this thesis is based on the classification of speech levels that are used by the characters in five titles of short stories. The social factors and social dimensions are analyzed based on the title of the stories. The result of this thesis shows that Ngoko speech level dominates the utterances among the characters. However, other speech levels Madya and Krama are also found in the conversations among the characters. Besides, social factors and social dimensions influence the classification of speech levels.