The Use of Video to Improve Senior High School Students’ Listening Comprehension Achievement
PUTRI, Cantik Widya Pratama
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This research aimed to improve the X IPS 1 students’ listening comprehension achievement by using video at MAN 1 Jember. According to the preliminary study by interviewing one of the English teachers at MAN 1 Jember, it was found that the X IPS 1 students had difficulties in understanding what the speaker said and interpret the meaning because the audio played by the teacher was fast and not clear enough for the students. It was known from the percentage of the X IPS 1 students’ previous listening comprehension achievement was 61.76% got from the English teacher, while the minimum requirement score of English subject in MAN 1 Jember was 75. Thus, the researcher conducted this research to overcome the problem by using video as the medium in teaching listening comprehension. This research was conducted by using Classroom Action Research (CAR) design with the four stages in a cycle model. They were planning, implementing, observing and reflecting. In conducting this research, the researcher collaborated with the English teacher as the observer. The researcher taught listening comprehension by using video as the medium while the English teacher observed the students’ participation in the teaching and learning process of listening comprehension. In this research, the researcher collected the data from the results of the students’ listening comprehension post-test and observation in the teaching and learning process of listening comprehension. The criteria of success in this research were 75% of the students were active in the teaching and learning process of listening comprehension and the students who got score ≥ 75 could achieved 75%. The result of observation showed that the percentage of the students’ participation improved from 76.47% in Meeting 1 to 85.29% in Meeting 2 of Cycle 1. It means that the results of the students’ participation in Cycle 1 achieved the criteria of success of this research. Then, the percentage of students’ listening comprehension score improved from 61.76% in students’ previous listening score to 85.29% in listening post-test score which means that there were 29 of 34 students who got ≥ 75. This result showed that the target of this research was achieved in Cycle 1, so it did not continue to Cycle 2. According to the result of this research, it was found that the use of video improved the students’ participation as well as the students’ listening comprehension achievement in the teaching and learning process of listening comprehension at MAN 1 Jember. In addition, video as the medium in teaching listening could increase the students’ motivation. Therefore, the researcher suggested the English teacher to use video as the medium in the teaching and learning process of listening comprehension.