The Analysis of Code Mixing in Lifestyle Section in Online Jawa Pos Newspaper
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This research discusses code mixing in lifestyle section in online Jawa Pos newspaper. Specifically this is conducted to achieve three purposes, namely to find out kinds of code mixing occurred in an online Jawa Pos newspaper, to know some reasons of the writer used code mixing in her writing, and to know whether code mixing make the readers confused or not. In addition, this research used two theories to analyze, namely code mixing theory by Muysken (2000) and the reasons of using code mixing by Hoffman (1991) as cited by Anindya (2011). The theory proposed by Muysken (2000) was used to analyze kinds of of code mixing that were found in online Jawa Pos newspaper. The second theory proposed by Hoffman (1991) is used to know some reasons of using code mixing. There were three methods used to collect the data namely, documents, interview and questionnaire. Document was first method used in this research because the data were collected through news texts in online Jawa Pos newspaper or JawaPos.com. Interview was the second method of collecting the data. Interview was used in this research because the researcher wanted to know some reasons why the writer used code mixing in her writing. Furthermore the researcher applied an interview by sending messages using WhatsApp application. The last method was questionnaire. The questionnaire was used to know the responses of the readers whether code mixing made readers confused or not when they read the news text. The questionnaire was spread to the students of Television and Film academic year 2017/2018, faculty of humanities, Universitas Jember program as participants. In analyzing the data, the researcher used 14 news texts which contained code mixing. There were 31 total numbers from the used of code mixing in the news texts in online Jawa Pos newspaper. The researcher only found one type of code mixing; that is insertion. There are no lexical items of alternation and congruent lexicalization. Furthermore, there were eight reasons that were revealed by Hoffman (2000), namely talking about a particular topic, quoting somebody else, being emphatic about something (express solidarity), interjection, repetition used for clarification, the intention of clarifying the speech content for interlocutor, expressing group identity, lack of vocabularies. Through the reasons, the editor used two reasons that are suitable with what she wrote, namely talking about particular topic and lack of vocabularies. The first reason was talking about particular topic, the writer applied that reason because she discussed specific topic especially about fashion and style in a lifestyle section in an online Jawa Pos newspaper. The second reason was the lack of vocabularies, because she did not find the equivalence word from English into Bahasa Indonesia. Furthermore, the editor has two other reasons. First was introducing English which was nowadays commonly used by people although people may not be aware of some English codes inserted in the writing. Second was attracted young readers’ attention. The young readers added their vocabulary intentionally by reading the news about fashion. Finally, among 40 participants, 22 participants understood the meaning of lexical items of code mixing, and there were 18 participants felt difficult to understand the news texts in the newspaper. It showed, code mixing did not make the readers had a difficulty to understand contents of the news texts in online Jawa Pos newspaper.
- UT-All Faculty