Improving the Eleventh Grade Students’ Reading Comprehension Achievement Through Jigsaw Iv Technique at Man 2 Jember
SAFITRI, Alfi Fatimatus
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This classroom action research was intended to improve the eleventh IPS 3 grade students’ reading comprehension achievement by using jigsaw IV technique at MAN 2 Jember. Based on the preliminary study in the form of interview with the English teacher of MAN 2 Jember, it was found that the eleventh IPS 3 grade students had problem in reading comprehension. It happened because during the teaching reading activity the teacher only asks the students to read the text aloud and do the exercises by themselves. However, this technique did not seem to be effective to be implemented. It made the students not enthusiasm in reading activity. In addition, students face some difficulties in understanding a text such as the unfamiliar vocabularies and the minimum background knowledge about the topic. It was proved by looking at their percentage reading score 6,45% which was the lowest among the other eleventh grade classes. The researcher and the English teacher tried to overcome the problem by using Jigsaw technique as the teaching technique in teaching reading. The data collection methods used reading comprehension test and the observation in the form of checklist to get the primary data which were analysed statistically, while the result of observation counted using percentage and interpret it based on observation indicators. The action was implemented in two cycles in order to achieve the criteria of success of this classroom action research and to check the consistency of the research result. Each cycle covered two meetings of the action implementation and one meeting for administering the test. The observation results in Cycle 1 showed that there were 83.82% students were actively involved during the teaching and learning process. Besides, the percentage of the students who achieved the minimum of standard score significantly increased into to 77,4%. In other words, Cycle 1 fulfilled the criteria of success. It says so because there were 77,4% students got reading score 75 or higher. Then, the action was still continued to Cycle 2 to check the consistency of the students’ reading comprehension achievement and their active participation. The observation results of Cycle 2 showed much better result. It was reported that 89,95% of the students participated actively during the learning process. It means that there was 6,15% improvement from Cycle 1 which was 83,82%. The result of the reading achievement test above stated that the mean score of the test was 80,5. In addition, there were 25 students (83,3%) of 30 students could achieve the standard minimum score, it was ≥75. Based on the result above, it can be concluded that the use of Jigsaw IV technique could improve the eleventh IPS 3 grade students’ reading comprehension achievement and their active participation.