CAUSAL FACTORS OF SPEAKING ANXIETY OUTSIDE THE CLASSROOM: A CASE STUDY OF ENGLISH DEPARTMENT STUDENTS OF THE ACADEMIC YEAR 2012 THE FACULTY OF LETTERS JEMBER UNIVERSITY
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This thesis is focused on the use of English outside the classroom, the sources of speaking anxiety outside the classroom and the reason why they appear in students of English Department of the academic year 2012 Faculty of Letters Jember University. The aims of this thesis are to find out the use of English outside the classroom, to find out the sources of speaking anxiety and to find out the reason why they appear. The type of this research is qualitative research. To gather the data, this research uses observation, questionnaire and interview. This research also uses survey research as the research strategy. The method that is used to analyze the questionnaire is content analysis which is used to know the use of English outside the classroom and to find out the speaking anxiety source of students outside the classroom. The results of this research show that outside the classroom, the students are sometimes to speak English. They are also rarely speak English. Even, they do not speak English outside the classroom. Furthermore, there are 4 sources of speaking anxiety that appear in students. The sources are: 1) fear of making mistakes; 2) social status; 3) negative self perception or self-esteem and 4) social environment and limited experience to the target language. From these appearing sources, fear of making mistakes becomes the dominant source of speaking anxiety outside the classroom in students of English Department academic year 2012 Faculty of Letters Jember University. The result of the interview shows that negative self perception or self esteem appears because the students lack of confidence at their English skill, lack of vocabulary and lack of knowledge about the use of grammar. While the source of fear of making mistakes appears because they do not master English skill and fear of getting correction from others. Furthermore, the result of interview also shows that social status appears because the students lack of confidence at their English and the relationship between the teachers and the students are not close and good. In addition, the source of social environment and limited experience to the target language appears because they lack of partner to speak English, getting the negative response from others and there is no obligation from the department or teacher to use English outside the classroom.