THE REPRESENTATION OF PROLETARIAN FRENCH WOMAN’S OPPRESSIONS IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY IN VICTOR HUGO’S LES MISÉRABLES (Representasi Penindasan Perempuan Proletar Perancis pada Abad Sembilan Belas dalam Novel Les Misérables Karya Victor Hugo)
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This article discusses a novel entitled Les Misérables by Victor Hugo which represents the proletarian French woman’s oppressions in the nineteenth century. This article has three questions asked as the main problems which are also be the main goals in doing the research. The first question asks about the representation of proletarian French woman’s oppressions portrayed in the novel. The second question is about the representation of French society in the nineteenth century in Les Misérables. The last question is the ideological position of the author. This research uses Simone de Beauvoir’s perspective about woman’s oppressions and the relationship betwen literary work and the social life written in The Second Sex(1953). A qualitative research and documentary technique are used to collect the data, as well as the inductive method which is used to analyze the subject matters. After doing the research, we found that Les Misérables represents the proletarian French woman’s oppressions in the nineteenth century which is characterized by Fantine. Besides, we also found thatVictor Hugo’s ideologyis criticizing the government about the social condition especially woman’s oppressions. Through Les Misérables he breaks the mystery of common people life and protests the executive government about the arbitrarily government toward common people.
- SRA-Humanities