|dc.description.abstract||This research is qualitative research and a documentary method is used to
collect the data. This research is divided into two kinds of data, primary data and
secondary data. The primary data are taken from Paulo Coelho’s The Alchemist.
The data in this thesis are the selected dialogues and narrative structure. I also use
journals, theses, articles, other books and websites as the secondary data in this
research. An inductive method is used to analyze the problems. It means that the
way of transferring the idea in this analysis is shown from the specific to the
After discussing this research, it can be concluded that Paulo Coelho
represents the orientalism through the representation of the West and the East.
This is linear to Edward Said’s orientalism that the West is superior and the East
is inferior, backwardness and subordinated. Those constructions are the result of
the author’s experiences or his ideological interest in the social environment
portrayed in the novel. As what Coelho constructs the East as the subordinated is
linear to Said’s orientalism that the West tries to do the practice of viewing the
East based on their point of view. In other word, the West tries to stereotype the
East. From analyzing the novel, it is not only the representation of the West and
the East but also the ideological interest beyond it. Hence, the idea of stereotyping
the East by the West discourses is to continue the process of colonialism.
Therefore, the reinforcement of their discourses is generally to hegemony even to
conquer the Eastern world.||en_US