ANALISIS KEBIJAKAN TATA RUANG KAWASAN BENCANA KECAMATAN PANTI KABUPATEN JEMBER KAITANNYA DENGAN KONSEP TATA RUANG TANGGAP BENCANA
For the late few years, most Indonesian regions sustain various disasters. The high frequent disasters occurred, it appears, make Indonesia become the only nation close to various disasters. All these result in serious threat for the people. The dominant problem appears, later, is that the disaster is noticeably caused by the out of order natural ecosystem as a result of the ignorance of space layout. Often, overlapping and misunderstanding happen in the use of certain space. Therefore, it is not surprising, if a disaster occurs, the taken decision or policy is considered in hurry and not solvable. The study of “The analysis of space layout policy of disaster area in Panti, Jember, in relation to the concept of ready for disaster space layout” is intended to settle the mentioned problem above. Further, this study aims at (a) analyzing the space layout of disaster area in Panti, Jember, (b) describing experts’s views in relation to the space layout policy toward disaster area, and (c) analyzing the concept of ready for disaster space layout according to the experts. This study applies library research including field survey through questionnaires and interviews to the competent informant (key person). The survey is conducted in Panti disaster area located in Jember and focuses on 4 (four) villages which sustain the biggest impact of the disaster. They are Kemiri, Suci, Panti, and Glagahwero. Through AHP, the Analytical Hierarchy Process, this study employs 12 expert respondents to support discussing the primary problem ideally. Generally, the results of this study can be concluded that environment, which is regarded as the most significant aspect, becomes the victim of the impact of disaster area space layout of Panti, Jember. Among the four levels of AHP, level 1 shows priority scale respectively obtained environment aspect measured (0,38), social aspect (0,29), economic aspect (0,20), and infrastructure aspect (0,14). Level 2, of each aspect, shows four categories of different dominant impact: ecosystem balance, people’s way of thinking, income, and DAS, areas of river flow. Furthermore, the results of level 1 and 2 above drive level 3 to give new and better alternative policies toward disaster area space layout of Panti, Jember. At the last level, the concept of ready for disaster space layout is considered vital to be applied in terms of participatory planning model locus.