Improving the Tenth Grade Students’ Narrative Text Writing Achievement by Using Cartoon Video at Ma an-Nur Rambipuji
PUTRA, Satrio Adi
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This classroom action research was intended to improve X-A 1 students’ active participation and their narrative text writing achievement by using cartoon video at MA An-Nur Rambipuji in the 2019/2020 academic year. Based on the result of the preliminary study which was done before conducting this research, only 10 students (33,3% of them) got score ≥ 75 while 20 students (66,7% of them) getting score less than 75 in writing. According to the English teacher, only 50% of the students were active during the teaching and learning process of writing. Besides, based on the result of the interview with the English teacher, most students had difficulties in organizing ideas, using appropriate words and using grammatical correct sentences. To overcome those problems, the researcher applied cartoon video as the instructional media in teaching writing. Cooper (1991:11) said that cartoon video as the medium in teaching language could help to improve the students’ writing ability because it had a medium of communication containing messages, images, and sounds used in the teaching learning process. The design of this research was classroom action research by adapting Lewin’s model as it is quoted by Elliot (1991:70) with a sequence of steps. They are planning of the action, implementing of the action, classroom observation and evaluation, and reflection of the action. The research area was MA An-Nur Rambipuji and the research participants were the X-A 1 students in the 2019/20120 academic year. In this research, the data were obtained by doing classroom observation in every meeting and administering the writing test in the third meeting. The success criteria in this research were: 1) at least 70% of the students actively participated during the teaching and learning process of writing by using cartoon video, 2) at least 70% of the students got score ≥ 75 in the writing test. Further, the researcher did this research collaboratively with the English teacher. There was one cycle in this research. After the actions were implemented, the result of the classroom observation showed that X-A 1 students’ active participation improved from 50% before the action to 76.66% in the first meeting and 90% in the second meeting after the action. And the average was 83.33%. It means that the students’ active participation achieved the success criteria of this research. In addition, the result of writing test showed that the students’ writing achievement improved. The data from the preliminary study showed that only 33.3% of the students were below the standard criteria of success but, after the action the average score was 80% above the standard. That number of percentage indicated that there was improvement on the students’ narrative text writing achievement when they were taught writing by using cartoon video. It can be summarized that the use of cartoon video could improve the X-A students’ active participation and their narrative text writing achievement at MA An-Nur Rambipuji in the 2019/2020 academic year.