The Effect of MC-Kenzie Exercise for Low Back Pain at Agricultural Areas : Literature Review
FIBRIANSARI, Rizeki Dwi
WIDIANTO, Eko Prasetya
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Introduction: Low back pain is a pain syndrome experienced by individuals caused by poor body position resulting in injury to soft tissue structures which include muscles and ligaments. Low back pain is one of the factors causing morbidity and mortality in agricultural areas. Mc-Kenzie exercise can be done to overcome the pain experienced at low back pain patients. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of Mc-Kenzie exercise at patients with low back pain. Methods: This study uses a literature review method with article searches conducted on the scholar, Pubmed, and Springerlink electronic databases. There were 220 journal articles in the scholar database, 2 journal articles in the Pubmed search database, and 42 journal articles in the Springerlink database, but only 7 articles met all inclusion criteria and were reviewed. Results: The results of the literature study of Mc-Kenzie exercise are the most frequently performed exercises using the McKenzie exercise technique in general. The average duration of training is 20 minutes per session, performed 4 times a week for 4 weeks. The Mc-Kenzie exercise is a light exercise using movement, relaxing, and focusing on the muscles in a calm state for physical and mental relaxation. Conclusion: The Mc-Kenzie exercise has a significant effect on reducing low back pain so it can be recommended to use muscle rehabilitation safely and without side effects.
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