REPRESENTATION OF HERO AND VILLAIN IN SIR ARTHUR CONAN DOYLE’S SELECTED SHORT STORIES OF THE ADVENTURE OF SHERLOCK HOLMES
REDHA, FAJAR AINUR
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The Adventure of Sherlock Holmes is a collection of twelve short stories by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, featuring his fictional detective Sherlock Holmes. These first twelve stories were published monthly from July 1891 until June 1892, and then were collected together and published as a book “The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes” on 14 October 1892 by George Newnes, the publisher of The Strand Magazine. Doyle created Sherlock Holmes as a consulting detective and for his contribution to forensic science. In 2002, the Royal Society of Chemistry in Britain confered “honorary fellowship” to Sherlock Holmes. He was the only fictional character received the award. The existence of Holmes is loved by readers in the Victorian era because the citizens of Britain so scared by rampant violent crime at that time. Their heroic actions despite fictitious, make Victorians find a hero. This research uses representations theory of Stuart Hall which is to make us know the meaning of a thing. Representation works through a system of representation, and the system consists of two major components, “concepts in mind” and “language”, and both of them are related. Language is able to do this because it operates as a representational system. In language, we use signs and symbols. This Representation leads this short story to an understanding: The representation of The Adventure of Sherlock Holmes story is full of depiction in which villain and hero are boost with the high intellectual degree and knowledge. Sherlock has a beyond intelligence to deduce and unveil mystery while his enemies has the same intelligence. It produces ideas to the reader where British people are all smart though they are bad or good people. Intelligence becomes a representation of British citizen which are implied in the story.