REPRESENTATION OF SLAVERY SYSTEM IN THAILAND SEEN IN MARGARET LANDON’S ANNA AND THE KING OF SIAM
PRANDANSARI, Yasinta Permata Intania
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This thesis discusses the problem of slavery system depicted in Anna and the King of Siam novel written by Margaret Landon in 1943. The novel is based on the memory of Anna Leonowens when she came to Thailand in 1862, she worked as a governess to teach the royal family in Thailand. This thesis discusses two problems, they are: how is the slavery system represented in the novel and the impact of slavery system abolishment when the reign of King Chulalongkorn in 1873 portrayed in the novel. To uncover those problems, the theory of sociology of literature by Alan Swingewood is used. The sociology of literature explains that literature can be said as a mirror of society which is showing a particular situation. A novel as a major literary genre of industrial society, can be seen as a faithful attempt to re-create the social worlds of man’s relation with his family, with politics, with the State, with the rules, the conflicts and tension between groups and social classes (Swingewood, 1972: 12). The primary data is Anna and the King of Siam. The secondary data are taken from Sociology of Literature by Laurenson and Swingwood (1972), Slavery in Nineteenth Century Siam by R.B. Cruikshank (1975); Sejarah Modern Awal Asia Tenggara: Sebuah Pemetaan by Anthony Reid (2004); Worshipping The Great Moderniser. King Chulalongkorn, Patron Saint of the Thai Middle Class by Irene Stengs (2009); Teori Sastra dan Penerapannya by I Nyoman Yasa (2012) and any references. This thesis uses the qualitative method as the research method because the data that are analyzed are in the form of words and sentences. Finally, it can be concluded from the discussion that the writer of the novel, Margaret Landon, shows that there was still slavery in Thailand when the European and American fought the slavery in 19th century. Through Anna and the King of Siam, the writer wants to show how a governess can make a nation free from slavery by educating the crown prince, Chulalongkorn. Landon shows in this novel how slave was treated in Thailand. She also tells us how the wealth and power can control people. It made Chulalongkorn free his state from slavery by changing goverment systems and gave proper education for his people.